Treatment of Dental Cavaties

Posted on : 02-10-2014 | By : Haddon Suttner | In : Dentist and Dentistry, Oral Health, Preventive Dentistry

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If your decay is in the early stages, your dentist may apply a fluoride varnish to the area. This can help to stop further decay, particularly if you lower your intake of sugar.If decay has worn away your enamel and caused a cavity, your dentist will remove the decay and restore your tooth with a filling. If the nerve in the middle of your tooth is damaged, you will need a root canal treatment, which removes the nerve and restores the tooth with a filling or crown.If the tooth is so badly damaged it cannot be restored, the only option may be to remove it.

What are Dental Cavaties Treatment of Dental Cavaties

Treatment for tooth decay varies according to how severe the decay is.

  1. Brushing and flossing with fluoride toothpaste and/or receiving fluoride treatments may be enough to reverse early decay, before cavities have formed.
  2. You need a filling if a cavity has formed. A filling is a material that plugs the cavity hole and restores a tooth to its original shape after your dentist has removed the decay.
    You may need a crown if the decay is severe and your tooth is badly damaged. A crown (often called a cap) is a man-made replacement for all or part of a tooth. Crowns are also used to treat teeth that have broken or decayed so much that a filling will not work.
    You may need a root canal treatment if the pulp of your tooth is infected. A root canal removes the diseased pulp of a tooth.
    You may need your tooth taken out (extraction) if the root of the tooth is severely damaged. You may need to replace the tooth with a bridge or an implant.
  3. If you do not treat tooth decay, your cavities can get worse and you may lose a tooth. If you wait to see your dentist, your tooth repair will probably cost more and take longer.
  4. Fluoride is probably the most effective treatment available for preventing and limiting the spread of tooth decay. It is a naturally occurring mineral found in foods and drinks, such as fish and tea, but it can also be synthesised (manufactured). Synthetic fluoride is used in toothpaste, from which most people get their fluoride.
  5. A filling replaces your missing enamel. There are many different filling materials available, including amalgam (silver coloured), composite (tooth coloured) and glass ionomer (tooth coloured).
  6. Inlays and onlays can also be used to fill teeth. They specifically fill the size and shape of your cavity, and are fixed in place with dental cement. Inlays and onlays are usually made from gold, as it is the most long-lasting and hard-wearing filling material.
  7. If tooth decay has spread to the pulp, the pulp may have to be removed and replaced with an artificial pulp (gutta percha) that will keep the tooth in place. This is known as root canal treatment.
  8. Root canal therapy has had a reputation of being painful, but improved dental techniques mean it is now comparatively painless
  9. In serious cases of tooth decay, the tooth may be removed to prevent the spread of infection from a dental abscess. Losing certain teeth can affect the shape and function of surrounding teeth, so the dentist may have to replace the tooth with a partial denture, bridge or implant.

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